Defining technical (design) debt and how it affects website projects you build and host in Webflow.
What is technical debt? We’re all familiar with the concept of debt in the financial context. You receive an amount of money today to be paid back with interest at a specific rate and date in the future. Although that's an oversimplified explanation, it is also the essence of technical debt.
Technical debt is a concept in programming that reflects the extra development work that arises when code that is easy to implement in the short run is used instead of applying the best overall solution. - Technical debt may also be known as design debt.
This article will focus on the impact of technical debt on Webflow websites. The terms technical (tech) debt and design debt are interchangeable.
Whatever the problems you’re trying to solve, the most suitable solutions come after thorough analysis and research. Technical debt arises when you skip or ignore the results of the research work and go for a shortcut instead.
Underestimating the effects of shortcut solutions comes at a cost. In the long run, you will have to fix the negative impact of these decisions on design and business operations. The fix will require additional work and resources that represent the interest you pay when you incur technical debt.
In the case of collaborative projects, tech debt creates barriers within your team or with your client. Although at present, Webflow Designer Canvas allows only one user at a time, the community has frequently requested more collaboration features. This would certainly accelerate projects and facilitate teamwork. On the other hand, it would require substantial project management work and an accurate design process in place to allow multiple designers to collaborate successfully in the same project.
The main reason for tech debt is starting a project without planning the content structure first. As the saying goes, content is king. UX decisions are based on content specifics. The layout of a website depends on its content, not the other way around. That's why using templates is rarely the best option for your project, as ready-made solutions are not created based on your specific needs and requirements.
Creating Div Block 99999 definitely makes for a fun tweet. However, that's an indicator that the design process is not organized. The project has no clear structure. If classes are not used in a proper way, projects get unnecessarily complicated.
Not testing the site's performance and its responsiveness means that you're not in control of your design and the project as a whole. Most importantly, websites need to comply with web accessibility standards. Designing an accessible website provides a better user experience and improves performance on search engines.
If you're using Webflow to build a quick prototype or a proof of concept, design debt could be acceptable to some extent. This is valid only if you have planned the time and resources to redesign the project properly.
When designing a project from scratch, tech debt has a critical role in its success - or failure. If you're working on a website project that will go live, any form of tech debt is bad debt. That's why it's so important to have a clear design process from the start.
The article below provides best practices on how to deal with design debt in a Webflow project.